Prince Edward Island
Prince Edward Island is one of the Atlantic Provinces on the east coast of Canada. It is the smallest province and the island lies in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. The capital city is Charlottetown and the Island was named “Prince Edward” in honor of the father of Queen Victoria in 1799. It is called “the Garden Province” because half of the land is cultivated. Over 75 percent are of Scottish, Irish and English descent. About 15 % are of French origin. The province is about 224 km long and from 6 to 64 km wide.
It has mild climate and temperature in July ranges from high of 23°C to a low of 14°C (average is 18°C) In January, temperatures range from a high of -3°C to a low of -12°C (average is -7°C). Agriculture is the largest industry. About thirty percent of Canada’s potatoes are grown in PEI. Other crops include fruits and vegetables (apples, strawberries, blueberries, carrots, onions, tomatoes) and cereal crops. Almost half of the land is used for farming. Food processing is an important industy (bottling, canning, freezing). The second largest industry is tourism. Fishing is the third largest industry.
Prince Edward Island is home to one university, the University of Prince Edward Island (UPEI), located in the city of Charlottetown. The university was created by the Island legislature to replace Prince of Wales College and St. Dunstan’s University. UPEI is also home to the Atlantic Veterinary College, which offers the region’s only veterinary medicine program.
Holland College is the provincial community college, with campuses across the province, including specialized facilities such as the Atlantic Police Academy, Marine Training Centre, and the Culinary Institute of Canada. Prince Edward Island’s public school system has two English language school districts, Eastern and Western, as well as a Francophone district, the Commission scolaire de langue française. The English language districts have a total of 10 secondary schools and 54 intermediate and elementary schools while the Francophone district has 6 schools covering all grades.