Newfoundland and Labrador

This most easterly province is made up of Newfoundland (island) and Labrador (mainland). Thousands of small islands are also included. Labrador is larger and is bordered by Quebec. The North Atlantic Ocean is to the east. The island of Newfoundland is surrounded by the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the Atlantic Ocean. The capital city and largest city is St. John’s. Most of the population lives on the island of Newfoundland. People live in fishing villages along the coast and small rural communities. About 60% of the people live in towns and cities. Early settlers mainly came from England, Ireland, and Scotland. About 96% are British and Irish, and about 2% are of French descent. In northern Labrador the climate is subarctic. Summers are cool and winters are long.

There are many storms, fog, strong winds, heavy precipitation and cold temperatures. Much of the island, south and central Labrador – covered with thick forests, many rivers, and lakes. Main exports are oil, fish products, newsprint, iron ore, and electricity. Iron ore is produced in Labrador. Oil and gas are found under the Grand Banks. Churchill Falls in Labrador is the second largest hydroelectric power plant in the world. Fish processing is an important industry. Forests (mostly coniferous trees) cover one third of Newfoundland

There are a number of different types of schooling options available for education in Newfoundland and Labrador. The choices are Public, English, French immersion, Francophone, and Private schools. Most students will continue their education at high school to receive a high school graduation certificate. This is a necessity for post-secondary education institutes and is also recognized by most employers. Students who are coming to complete their education in Newfoundland and Labrador from a different school system should submit an official statement of previous standing, such as a report card, to the school, they want to enroll in. You should also have the previous school records and transcripts, copies of course outlines and content.

After considering a number of factors including the student’s age, records and test results they will be placed in the appropriate grade. There is one publicly funded University, the Memorial University which is the largest university in Atlantic Canada. The College of the North Atlantic has 16 campuses throughout the Province. It offers over 90 full-time programs and more than 300 part-time courses. There are also a number of Private Training Institutions.