About Canada

Canada is a North American country and it is the second largest country in the world. It takes seven days to drive from Halifax, Nova Scotia to Vancouver, British Columbia. To fly from Halifax to Vancouver takes seven hours. It has six separate time zones—Newfoundland, Atlantic, Eastern, Central, Mountain, and Pacific.

Canada’s two official languages are English and French. Canadian culture has historically been influenced by British, French, and aboriginal cultures and traditions also greatly influenced by immigration from all over the world. Many Canadians value multiculturalism and see Canada as being inherently multicultural.

Canada is made up of 10 provinces and three territories. It can be divided into five regional areas:

  • The East also called the Atlantic region, includes the provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova
    Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island.
  • The Central region includes the provinces of Quebec and Ontario.
    The Prairies includes Manitoba, Saskatchewan and some parts of Alberta.
  • The West includes most of Alberta and British Columbia.
  • The North is made up of the three territories—Nunavut, Yukon and the Northwest Territories.

Canada is one of the world’s wealthiest nations, with a high per-capita income, and it is a member of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the G8. It is one of the world’s top ten trading nations.

Canada is one of the few developed nations that are net exporters of energy. Atlantic Canada has vast offshore deposits of natural gas, and Alberta has large oil and gas resources. The immense Athabasca Oil Sands give Canada the world’s second-largest oil reserves, behind Saudi Arabia.

Canada’s Aboriginal population is growing at almost twice the national rate.  Population growth is from immigration and, to a lesser extent, natural growth. Canada has the highest per-capita immigration rate in the world.

Canada’s two official languages are English and French. Canadian culture has historically been influenced by British, French, and aboriginal cultures and traditions also greatly influenced by immigration from all over the world. Many Canadians value multiculturalism and see Canada as being inherently multicultural.